profile image

Linda A. Livingstone


Professor of Management

  • Department:
  • Email:
  • Phone: 202-994-6380
  • Fax: 202-994-2286
  • Office: Duques Hall, 660 2201 G St NW, Washington, DC 20052
  • PhD, Oklahoma State University, 1992
  • MBA, Oklahoma State University, 1983
  • BS, Oklahoma State University, 1982
Joined GW: 2014
Joined GWSB: 2014


Dr. Linda Livingstone became dean of the George Washington University School of Business (GWSB) on August 1, 2014. Upon her arrival at GW, Dr. Livingstone implemented a new, comprehensive strategic planning process that identified three themes, which will guide the school in the years ahead. GWSB will leverage its location to develop a competitive advantage and differentiate itself by building on the unique capabilities associated with the school’s location in the heart of the nation’s capital; enhance its global focus to encourage prosperity globally by leveraging existing strengths and building on the school’s significant global reputation and reach; and, serve as a catalyst for multi disciplinary opportunities across the University that increase innovation and the school’s impact on economies and societies.

In support of these priorities, the school has developed a graduate certificate in capital markets in partnership with the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the Milken Institute; redesigned its Healthcare MBA program in collaboration with the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences, launched the Korean Management Institute, and expanded career services to enhance support for international students. Currently, the Global MBA program is ranked 40th by Bloomberg BusinessWeek, the Online MBA Programs is among the top 25 according to The Princeton Review, the undergraduate and graduate International Business programs are ranked #11 and #15 respectively by U.S. News and World Report, and Military Times selected GWSB as the 27th best business school for veterans in its latest rankings.

Prior to her move to Washington, D.C., Dr. Livingstone served as dean of the Graziadio School of Business and Management at Pepperdine University from June 2002 to July 2014. An award-winning teacher, Dr. Livingstone’s research interest focuses on creativity in organizations as influenced by the fit between the individual and the organizational environment. She is the author of business textbooks and numerous scholarly articles that have appeared in Academy of Management Review, Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Journal of Management, and Journal of Management Education. Her views on leadership, women’s issues, and business education have been cited in a variety of media outlets including CNN, BusinessWeek, the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, Bloomberg TV, the Wall Street Journal, Forbes, Financial Times, and the Economist.

Dr. Livingstone received her B.S., M.B.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Oklahoma State University where she played on the varsity basketball team. She also serves on the board of directors for AACSB; the pre-eminent international accrediting body for business schools and is currently past chair of the board. Additionally, she serves on the board of Capital Southwest Industrials where she chairs the compensation committee, is a member of the board of Trinity Christian School in Fairfax, VA, and previously served as the chair of the board of directors of Oaks Christian School in Westlake Village, CA where she served on the board for nine years, and on the board of the Graduate

Management Admissions Council (administers the GMAT exam). Dr. Livingstone is married to Brad Livingstone, also a graduate of Oklahoma State University where he played varsity basketball, and currently the high school principal of Trinity Christian School in Fairfax, VA. They have one daughter, Shelby, who is a sophomore at Rice University on a volleyball scholarship.

Journal Articles

Norman, P.M., L.E. Palich, G.R. Carini, & L.P. Livingstone, (2004). “The Role of Paradoxical Logic in Innovation: The Case of Intel.” Journal of High Technology Management Research, (15): 51-71.

Palich, L.E. and L.P. Livingstone, (2003). “Improving Research Performance: Teamwork Trumps Solo Endeavors.” Graziadio Business Report, 6(2): 1-6.

Livingstone, L.P., M.A. White, D.L. Nelson, F. Tabak, (2002). “Changes in Attitudes Toward an Information Systems Innovation: Reactions to Implementation Delays.” American Business Review, 20(2): 80-89.

Livingstone, L.P., L.E. Palich, G.R. Carini (2002). “Promoting Creativity Through the Logic of Contradiction.” Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(3): 321-326.

Palich, L.E., G.R. Carini, G.R. & L.P. Livingstone (2002). “Comparing American and
Chinese Negotiating Styles: The Influence of Logic Paradigms.” Thunderbird
International Business Review 44(6): 777-798.

Carini, G.R., L.E. Palich, and L.P. Livingstone (1998). “East Versus West: Perspectives from Formal Logic and the Logic of Contradiction.” Long Range Planning, 31(2): 315-318.

Livingstone, L.P., L.E. Palich, and G.R. Carini, (1998). “Viewing Strategic Innovation Through the Logic of Contradiction.” Competitiveness Review, 8(1): 46-54

Livingstone, L.P. and B.T. Livingstone, (1998). “The Twilight Zone of Diversity.” Journal of Management Education, 22(2): 204-207. Reprinted in Annual Editions: Organizational Behavior, Vol. 1 (2000/2001), Fred H. Maidment (ed).

Livingstone, L.P., D.L. Nelson, and S.H. Barr, (1997). “Person-Environment Fit and Creativity: An Examination of Supply-Value and Demand-Ability Versions of Fit.” Journal of Management, 23(2): 119-146.

Carini, G.R., L.P. Livingstone, and L.E. Palich, (1995). “Trialectics: A Questionable Logic for Organization Change Research.” Academy of Management Review, Dialogue Section, 20(3): 503-506.

Livingstone, L.P., J.A. Roberts, and L.B. Chonko, (1995). “Perceptions of Internal and External Equity as Predictors of Salespeople’s Job Satisfaction.” Journal of Personal Selling and Sales Management, 15(2): 33-46.

Williams, C.R. and L.P. Livingstone, (1994). “Another Look at the Relationship Between Performance and Voluntary Turnover.” Academy of Management Journal, 37: 269-298.

Editorials/Invited Articles

Livingstone, Linda A. (2007), “MBA: Priceless Commodity?” BizEd, July, 50-54.

Livingstone, Linda A. (2007), “A Call to Action.” University Business, May.

Livingstone, Linda A. (2006), “Establishing Direction, Securing Resources, and
Reaching Out.” In Inside the Minds series on Business School Management: Top
Educational Leaders on Creating a Strong School Reputation, Offering Competitive
Programs, and Thriving in the Educational Marketplace. Aspatore, Inc.

Livingstone, Linda A., (2006), “A Review: The World is Flat.” Alpha Chi Recorder, Spring, Vol. 49, No. 1, pp. 11-20.

Livingstone, L. (2005). “Successful CEOs Get Women in the Game.” Chief Executive (Thought Leader section), April, p. 18.

Livingstone, L.A. (2005). “Leveling the Playing Field for Women Executives.” Focus on Business, Spring/Summer 2005, p. 18.


Palich, L.E., Carini, G.R., and L.P. Livingstone, “Logic Paradigms and Management Theory: Some Questions and Answers.” Proceedings of the International Applied Business Research Conference, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, March, 2002.

Livingstone, L.P., L.E. Palich, and G.E. Carini, “Innovation and Technological Learning at Intel: The Role of Paradoxical Logic.” Proceedings of the International Applied Business Research Conference, Cancun, Mexico, March 2001.

Palich, L.E., G.E. Carini, and L.P. Livingstone, “Using Alternative Logics to Manage the Challenges of the New Competitive Landscape.” Proceedings of the International Applied Business Research Conference, Cancun, Mexico, March 2001.

Palich, L.E., G.E Carini, and L.P. Livingstone, “Competing in the ‘Century of the Pacific’: Modern China and the Dialectic Mindset.” Mathematics and Computers in Business and Economics Conference Proceedings, International Meeting of Mathematics and Computers in Business and Economics, Montego Bay, Jamaica, December 2000.

Carini, G.R., L.P. Livingstone, and L.E. Palich, “Viewing Strategic Innovation Through the Dialectic Mindset.” Proceedings of the 1996 International Trade and Finance Association Conference on Competitiveness in International Business Trade, San Diego, CA, May.

Livingstone, L.P., D.L. Nelson, and S.H. Barr, “Critical Tests of Person-Environment Fit in Creativity Theory and Practice.” Electronic Proceedings of the Academy of Management, 1996.

Livingstone, L.P. and D.L. Nelson, “Toward a Person-Environment Fit Perspective of Creativity: The Model of Creativity Fit.” Proceedings of the Academy of Management, 1994.

Livingstone, L.P., R.H. Roller, and M.A. White, “Perceptions of Socialization and Conflict and Their Relationship with Job Satisfaction for Hospital Employees and Volunteers: An Exploratory Study.” Proceedings of the Southern Management Association, 1989.

Roller, R.H. and L.P. Livingstone, “Dual Structures and Control Systems in Hospitals: An Exploratory Study of Employee and Volunteer Perceptions.” Proceedings of the Southern Management Association, 1989.

Williams, C.R. and L.P. Livingstone, “Both Good and Poor Performers Leave: A Second Look at the Effect of Variance Restriction on Point Biserial Correlations in Turnover Research.” Proceedings of the Southern Management Association, 1989.

Professional Activities

  • Young President’ Organization (YPO), Santa Monica Bay Chapter
    • Vice-Chair-Scholarship Committee, 2004-2005
    • Chair, Scholarship Committee, 2005-2006
  • AACSB, The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business Western Association of Collegiate Schools of Business
    • President, 2006-2007
    • Program Chair 2005-2006
  • Academy of Management
  • Phi Kappa Phi
  • Beta Gamma Sigma


  • March of Dimes Healthy Baby Healthy Futures Dinner, Honorary Committee, June 16, 2005
  • John Wayne Cancer Institute Auxiliary Odyssey Ball, Honorary Committee, April 9, 2005
  • Los Angeles Business Journal, Women Making a Difference, 2003, 2004, 2006 Nominee
  • Recipient of the 2001 “Moon” Mullins Award at Baylor University for loyalty to the Athletics Department and the education of student athletes
  • 2000 Academy of Management, Panelist for OB/OT Junior Faculty Consortium
  • Non-Tenured Teaching Award for 1995-1996, Baylor University
  • Young Investigator Award, Graduate School, Baylor University, 1995
  • Lorena Stretch Award from Delta Delta Delta Sorority for service to Baylor, 1995
  • Hankamer School of Business Young Researcher Award, 1994
  • Approved for Membership on Graduate Faculty, Baylor University, 1995
  • Richard T. Irwin Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship, 1990-1991
  • 1989 Academy of Management OB/OD/OMT Doctoral Consortium participant
  • 1989 Southwest Academy of Management Doctoral Consortium participant
  • Top Six Finalist for the Phoenix Award (given to the outstanding Ph.D. student at Oklahoma State University)
  • McAlester Scottish Rite Graduate Fellowship, 1988
  • Oklahoma State University Graduate Fellowship, 1989
  • Outstanding Young Woman of America
  • Who’s Who Among American Universities and Colleges
  • Oklahoma State University Top Ten Senior, 1982
  • Big Eight Scholar Athlete, 1982