GW-CIBER Funded Projects: 2014-2015

Leveraging Carbon Emissions: The Impact of Firm Engagement and Home Country Participation in the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum

PI: Anu Phene, Professor, Department of International Business, GWSB

Brief Description:
This study explores the impact on firm-level carbon emissions as a consequence of their home country’s participation in an inter-governmental organization (IGO), the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF). The study proposes that firms from home countries that participate in CSLF are better able to achieve their emission outcomes through the deployment of mechanisms by virtue of better access to technology and knowledge, through CSLF sponsored activities. The study further hypothesizes that these baseline relationships are moderated by the extent of firm engagement in IGO events. Greater engagement by the firm in CSLF facilitated events enhances its understanding of and exposure to worldwide knowledge important for achieving its emissions outcomes and is expected to function as a positive moderator. On the other hand when the home country of the firm possesses strong capabilities in carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies, the need for, and the value added by technology and knowledge from CSLF is reduced. Consequently home country capabilities in CCS technologies act as a negative moderator.

Radical and Incremental Innovation in Foreign Subsidiaries

PI: Heather Berry, Associate Professor, Department of International Business, GWSB

Brief Description:
This paper builds on insights from the innovation, operations management and international business literatures to explore how intra-MNC linkages including parent firm knowledge transfers and manufacturing integration influence the incremental and radical innovation generated in foreign subsidiaries. While both types of linkages help to embed foreign operations in the internal knowledge network of MNCs, the study argues that they are likely to have different effects on local host country knowledge search, which will impact the type of innovation that is generated in foreign operations. Considering parent firm knowledge transfers, the innovation and foreign knowledge seeking literatures suggest that knowledge dependence can limit the breadth of local host country knowledge search, which would make innovation in these operations more incremental in nature. In contrast, the operations management literature highlights both responsibility and autonomy associated with manufacturing specialization, which may increase local host country knowledge search and help to generate more radical innovation that assimilates local host country knowledge with MNC knowledge. Empirical results from a comprehensive panel of US MNCs and the patents from their 36 foreign subsidiaries support these arguments. Overall, this paper furthers our understanding of global innovation in MNCs by exploring how different types of linkages and integration within MNCs influence innovation outcomes in foreign operations.

Domestic-International Linkages on China’s Periphery: The Foreign Economic Liberalization of China’s Border Provinces since 2000

PI: See-Won Byun, Ph.D. Candidate, Political Science

Brief Description:
Why have China’s late-developing border regions responded differently to the shared challenges of economic globalization? Theories of international political economy and accounts of China’s integration into the world economy remain divided on the relative significance of internal and external forces of change. This study argues that China’s foreign economic liberalization is best understood at the subnational level, where the interaction between (1) central, (2) local, and (3) international actors and their interests produces distinct provincial models of reform. The case studies of Jilin, Yunnan and Xinjiang since 2000 tie together “inside-out, outside-in” and “top-down, bottom-up” dynamics of China’s global economic integration.

A Multi-Method Study on Evaluation Systems and Organizational Change within the World Bank Group

PI: Estelle Raimondo, Ph.D. Candidate, Public Policy & Administration

Brief Description:
Over the past two decades, many in the development cooperation community have subscribed to the ‘Results-Based Management’ (RBM) agenda. Today, the practice of development Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)—the bedrock of RBM—is routinized and embedded into organizational processes, thereby constituting evaluation systems. However, in the growth of M&E also lies a paradox: while the evidence on “what works”’ in development is steadily growing thanks to M&E, the evidence attesting to M&E’s own effectiveness in promoting programmatic and organizational change remains limited. Taking as its empirical turf the evaluation systems of the World Bank Group, this research will pursue three discrete, but related, questions regarding the influence of evaluation systems on organizational change. It will notably examine what effects M&E quality has on project performance; the factors explaining why some evaluation systems successfully promote learning and accountability whereas others do not; as well as the institutional mechanisms that underlie how these changes take place. Each research question prompts a different design (i.e., quasi-experimental, configurational case method, and Process-Tracing) and mobilizes a distinct theory of organizational change. Taken together, the three essays will offer diverse lenses to better understand the role of complex evaluation systems.